Data, Human Rights & Human Security Primer 06.22.2015 MARK LATONERO, PhD—Fellow and Principal Investigator ZACHARY GOLD, JD—Research Analyst Introduction In today’s global digital ecosystem, mobile phone cameras can document and distribute images of physical violence. Drones and satellites can assess disasters from afar. Big data collected from social media can provide real-‐‑time awareness about political protests. Yet practitioners, researchers, and policymakers face unique challenges and opportunities when assessing technological benefit, risk, and harm. How can these technologies be used responsibly to assist those in need, prevent abuse, and protect people from harm? For some years now, the humanitarian and development communities have explored new data-‐‑driven approaches, innovations, and interventions.1 However, for human rights and human security decision-‐‑makers distinct questions emerge, particularly when collecting personal data for case analysis and protection beyond crisis events. Releasing cell phone data might assist first responders to track disease outbreaks. But should the same data be shared for long-‐‑term issues such as human 1 See Big Data for Development: Opportunities and Challenges, UN Global Pulse (2012), http://www.unglobalpulse.org/projects/BigDataforDevelopment; Disaster Relief 2.0, UN Foundation http://www.unfoundation.org/assets/pdf/disaster-relief-20-report.pdf; Key Resources, Data Pop Alliance, http://www.datapopalliance.org/resources#start.